Definitions and Terms Used for Brain Injury
The term acquired brain injury (ABI) refers to any damage to the brain occurring after birth. There are a range of different types of ABI.
- Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a type of ABI and occurs when the brain is damaged due to the application of force, as is the case with road traumas, falls, assaults, and sporting injuries.
- Other causes of ABI include stroke, hypoxic injuries where the brain is deprived of oxygen (such as from near drowning incidents and cardiac arrest), brain tumours, encephalitis, meningitis, drug and alcohol abuse.
- Degenerative neurological conditions, such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease, are also now considered a form of ABI.
Frequency of Occurrence of Brain Injury
Brain Injury is a common condition, with approximately one in every forty Australians living with an ABI.
Impact of Brain Injury
Because of the complexity of the brain, no two brain injuries are the same. In many cases, the injury is invisible to an observer, and for these people their “normal” appearance hides the many significant challenges they are experiencing. A brain injury can create a whole host of new changes and challenges for a person, and has the potential to affect every aspect of their life. A brain injury also typically affects a person’s family and support network in significant ways, as they work to support the person who has sustained the injury and adjust to the disruptions in their life.
Important in Assistance Provided
When an employee experiences a brain injury, employers may be challenged in knowing what to do.
Brain Injury SA can provide very tailored advice on what might be needed for an individual they are working with, assisting an employer and their employee consider options. As a peak body in South Australia for brain injury we are also available to support employers and their staff build their knowledge and understanding of brain injury and its accommodation in the workplace.
Watch Video: Living with a Brain Injury
– How Brain Injury SA Offers Services and Support
Video Transcript coming soon.