Definitions and Terms Used for Brain Injury
The term acquired brain injury (ABI) refers to any damage to the brain occurring after birth. There are a range of different types of ABI.
- Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a type of ABI and occurs when the brain is damaged due to the application of force, as is the case with road traumas, falls, assaults, and sporting injuries.
- Other causes of ABI include stroke, hypoxic injuries where the brain is deprived of oxygen (such as from near drowning incidents and cardiac arrest), brain tumours, encephalitis, meningitis, drug and alcohol abuse.
- Degenerative neurological conditions, such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease, are also now considered a form of ABI.
Frequency of Occurrence of Brain Injury
Brain Injury is a common condition, with approximately one in every forty Australians living with an ABI.
Impact of Brain Injury
Because of the complexity of the brain, no two brain injuries are the same. In many cases, the injury is invisible to an observer, and for these people their “normal” appearance hides the many significant challenges they are experiencing. A brain injury can create a whole host of new changes and challenges for a person, and has the potential to affect every aspect of their life. A brain injury also typically affects a person’s family and support network in significant ways, as they work to support the person who has sustained the injury and adjust to the disruptions in their life.
How can I Assist?
Responding to the impact of a family member or loved experiencing brain injury takes time to build understanding and adjust.
Gathering information assists you in knowing what to expect, make decisions and most importantly, take care of yourself. Sometimes this may mean seeking personal support to manage all that is going on. Brain Injury SA staff can assist you identify services that might help and provide information you might need, including navigating the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) application process.
To learn more, please visit the following websites for a range of information that can help explain the impacts of Brain Injury.
Watch Video: Living with a Brain Injury
– How Brain Injury SA Offers Services and Support
Video Transcript coming soon.